Joondalup is a relatively recent residential and institutional area, with some industry in the west, and a commercial area in the central section. Joondalup is bounded by Burns Beach Road and Joondalup Drive in the north, Lake Joondalup in the east, the suburb of Edgewater, Lakeside Drive, Joondalup Drive and Eddystone Avenue in the south and the Mitchell Freeway and the proposed Mitchell Freeway in the west. Joondalup is named after Lake Joondalup, an Aboriginal word which means “place of whiteness or glistening”.
Development of the area dates primarily from the 1980s. Rapid growth took place during the 1980s and early 1990s. The population continued to increase from the mid 1990s, although at a slightly slower rate, a result of new dwellings being added to the area.
Major features of the area include Joondalup City Centre, Lakeside Joondalup Shopping Centre, Yellagonga Regional Park, Arena Joondalup (home of the West Perth Football Club), Western Australia Police Academy, Joondalup Health Campus, Joondalup Aquatic Centre, Joondalup Basketball Stadium, Council offices, Lake Joondalup & Lake Joondalup Nature Reserve, Edith Cowan University (Joondalup Campus), West Coast College of TAFE (Joondalup Campus), Curtin University (Joondalup Campus), Australian Institute of University Studies (AIUS) and two schools.